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Dental Glossary

Down Syndrome

Trisomy 21 is a genetic disorder that was traditionally known as Mongolism. These people have characteristic looks with slanted eyes, short fat fingers, and short stature. Some degree of mental retardation is present. The dental implications of Down Syndrome are a proclivity toward periodontal (gum and bone) disease that usually requires frequent attention as patients enter their twenties, missing and smaller teeth, and enlarged tongues that make cleaning more difficult. These people are generally excellent and lovable patients.